ABOUT BELARUS

About Belarus

Belarus is a country in Eastern Europe and its official name is the Republic of Belarus. It became independent on August 25th, 1991.  It is bordered by Russia to the northeast, Ukraine to the south, Poland to the west, and Lithuania and Latvia to the northwest. Its capital and most populous city is Minsk. 

KEY FACTS

President of Belarus Alexander Lukashenko (1994 – present )
Prime Minister of Belarus Roman Golovchenko (appointed prime minister on 4 June 2020)
Total Land Area of Belarus 207,600 km²
Nationality of Belarus Belarusian
Population Population – 9.408,4 million (on 1 January 2020)
Life expectancy at birth 74.4 years
Population living in cities 78%
The capital is Minsk 2.020,6 million inhabitants

Ethnicity

Belarusian 83.7%
Russian 8.3%
Polish 3.1%
Ukrainian 1.7%
Jewish 0.1%

Languages spoken in Belarus – Belarusian and Russian

National holidays in Belarus – Independence Day, 3 July

Currency of Belarus – Belarusian ruble (Br)

Main Business Partners of Belarus (2020)

Russia

Ukraine

China

United Kingdom

Germany

Poland

Netherlands

Lithuania

Italy

Latvia

Main Industries of Belarus

metallurgical

mechanical engineering, including tractors and agricultural, cars, machine-tool constructing and tool industry, instrument making, radio engineering, electro technical, electronic, optics-mechanical industry; and metal working

chemical and petrochemical

light industry

food industry

Area of farmland in Belarus – 8726 thousands hectares

Agriculture

Areas of specialty in agriculture: grain, potatoes, vegetables, sugar beet, flax, meat and dairy industry

Natural Resources

wood

peat

potash and rock salts

small oil and natural gas fields

granite

dolomite

limestone

clay

sand

Number of people in Employment – 4.5 million (2015)

Breakdown of employed population by type of economic activity (2019):

production sector – 23.6%
agriculture, hunting, forestry industry – 9.0%
civil engineering – 6.2%
transportation and communication – 6.9%
retail; repairs of automobiles, household goods, and personal-use items – 14.6%
education – 10.4%
others – 26.6%

Unemployment in Belarus

8.8 thousand unemployed (2019); 4.2%

Communication Facilities in Belarus

Telephone (2019): main telephone equipment – about 11.617 million, mobile subscribers – 11.4 million Internet users (2019): more than 9.6 million In terms of overall postal e-services development, the Universal Postal Union index places Belarus is at the 21 st out of 173 postal service operators  (2020).

Transportation

Railways – 5491 km, including 1128 km of electric track Highways – 101,700 km, including paved roads 87,400 km Oil pipelines – 2,983 km Gas pipelines – 7,837 km

Belarus is a landlocked country in Eastern Europe, bordered by Poland in the west and Lithuania, Latvia in the north, Russia in the north and east and Ukraine in the south,. With a complex history and rich architecture Belarus is a wonderful place to explore no matter what time of year. With a diverse geography and a passion for natural history and wildlife Belarus would be an outdoor enthusiasts’ dream.

Belarus is situated in the center of Europe, and has international borders with five countries:

Poland

Lithuania

Latvia

Russia

Ukraine

A political map of Republic of Belarus, with neighboring countries

Climate and weather in Belarus

A park in autumn

Belarus has a moderate continental climate, with cool humid winters and warm summers

Average Temperatures in Belarus

Autumn in Botanical gardens

Average temperatures vary across Belarus. In January, temperatures average from -4.5°C to -8°C. In July the average temperature is +17°C to +18.5°C.

Some parts of Belarus experience sub-zero temperatures for more than a third of the year.

Rain and snow in Belarus

The Augustow Canal

Belarus has an average annual rainfall of 600-700 mm. 70% of the rain falls from April to October.

A snowfall in Minsk

Belarus also enjoys 75-125 days of snow each year, with falls ranging from 15 to 30cm.

Although a landlocked state, the location has made Belarus an important trade and transport route between Europe and the CIS.

Belarus people

The people of Belarus are a kind, friendly and good humoured nation. The patience and peacefulness of the Belarusian people has been determined by the nation’s history that has been darkened by endless wars which the Belarusians did not start, but fell victim to. Belarus is welcoming to all visitors and interested in sharing its culture, traditions and sense of community with them.

Ethnic Belarusians make up more than 80% of the population. But because of theHistory of Belarus, many other nationalities have also settled in the country, many of whom have been established for several generations.

We are waiting for you to study in Belarus!

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