Belarus is a country in Eastern Europe. The official name is the Republic of Belarus. The country gained independence on August 25th, 1991. It borders Russia on the northeast, Ukraine on the south, Poland on the west, and Lithuania and Latvia on the northwest. The capital and the most populous city is Minsk.

KEY FACTS

President Alexander Lukashenko (1994 – present)
Prime minister Roman Golovchenko (appointed prime minister on 4 June 2020)
Total Land Area 207,600 km²

 

Nationality Belarusian
Population 9.408,4 million (1 January, 2020)
Life expectancy 74.4 years
Population living in cities 78%

Population of the capital (Minsk)

2.018,2 million

 

ETHNICITY

Belarusian 83.7%
Russian 8.3%
Polish 3.1%
Ukrainian 1.7%
Jewish 0.1%

 

Official languages – Belarusian and Russian

National holiday – Independence Day, 3 July

Currency – Belarusian ruble (BYN)

 

 

Main Business Partners (2020):

  • Russia
  • Ukraine
  • China
  • United Kingdom
  • Germany
  • Poland
  • Netherlands
  • Lithuania
  • Italy
  • Latvia

 

Main Industries of Belarus:

  • metallurgical;
  • mechanical engineering, including tractors and other agricultural machinery, automobile industry, machine-tool industry, instrument making, radio engineering; electro technical, electronic industries; opto-mechanical engineering, metal working etc.
  • chemical and petrochemical;
  • light industry;
  • food industry;
  • Area of farmland in Belarus – 8726 thousand hectares

 

Agriculture

Areas of specialty in agriculture: grain, potatoes, vegetables, sugar beet, flax, meat and dairy industry.

 

Natural Resources:

  • wood
  • peat
  • potash and rock salts
  • small oil and natural gas fields
  • granite
  • dolomite
  • limestone
  • clay
  • sand

Number of people in Employment – 4.5 million (2015)

Breakdown of employed population by type of economic activity (2019):

 

  • service sector – 61,2%;
  • productive sector – 23.6%;
  • agriculture, hunting, forestry industry – 9.0%;
  • civil engineering – 6.2%;
  • transport and communication – 6.9%;
  • retail; repairs of automobiles, household goods, and personal-use items – 14.6%;
  • education – 10.4%;
  • others – 26.6%;

 

Unemployment in Belarus 8.8 thousand unemployed (4.2%) (2019)

 

Communication Facilities in Belarus

Telephone (2019): main telephone equipment – about 11.617 million, mobile subscribers – 11.4 million.

Internet users (2019): more than 9.6 million. In terms of overall postal e-services development, the Universal Postal Union index places Belarus at the 21st out of 173 postal service operators (2020).

 

Transport

  • Railways – 5491 km
  • Electric track highways – 1128 km
  • Paved roads 87,400 km
  • Oil pipelines – 2,983 km
  • Gas pipelines – 7,837 km

Belarus is bordered by Poland on the west and Lithuania, Latvia on the north, Russia on the north and east and Ukraine on the south. The location let Belarus become an important trade and transport route between Europe and the CIS.

The country has rich history and remarkable architecture, which makes it a wonderful place to explore in any season. With a diverse geography, history and wildlife Belarus would be an outdoor enthusiasts’ dream.

Climate and weather in Belarus

In Belarus, the climate is continental, with cold winters and relatively warm summers, and two short intermediate seasons. The degree of continentality increases from northwest to southeast, that is, as you move away from the sea and enter the great plains of Eastern Europe.

Average Temperatures in Belarus

Average temperatures are variable. In January, temperatures vary from -4.5°C to -8°C. Some parts of Belarus experience sub-zero temperatures for more than a third of the year.

 

Rain and snow in Belarus

The average annual rainfall is 600-700 mm. 70% of the rain falls appear from April to October.

Belarus also enjoys 75-125 days of snow each year, with snowbanks ranging from 15 to 30 cm.

Belarusian people

 

 

The people of Belarus are a kind, friendly and good-humored nation. The patience and peacefulness of the Belarusian people is determined by national history. Unfortunately, it was darkened by endless wars in which Belarusians suffered a lot. The country is welcoming all visitors and will be glad to share its culture, traditions and hospitality.

Ethnic Belarusians make up more than 80% of the population. Due to the history, many other nationalities have also settled in the country, some of them have been established for several generations.

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